|2021-04-08 来源： 中国石化新闻网|
阿联酋副总统兼总理谢赫·穆罕默德·本·拉希德·阿勒马克图姆(Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum)宣布的第一个发展项目是“3000亿迪拉姆行动”。该项目旨在，未来10年内将阿联酋工业部门的贡献从目前的1330亿迪拉姆提高到3000亿阿联酋法郎810亿迪拉姆。这一目标将在很大程度上，通过在此期间设立的1350家工业公司来实现，首先包括制造、建筑、电力、天然气、采矿和采石部门。这些计划的核心将是阿联酋能源部门的辅助建设，而这些计划又将属于阿联酋2021-2031年的循环经济政策。这包括阿联酋的旗舰石油和天然气公司——阿布扎比石油公司(ADNOC)的原油产量总体目标增长，最迟在2030年从每天400万桶增加到至少500万桶。
轻质、低硫的Murban原油是ADNOC生产的四种原油之一，尽管在新冠肺炎爆发前，它占阿联酋近400万桶/天原油总产量的一半左右。根据ICE和ADNOC的数据，Murban期货是继迪拜商品交易所(Dubai Mercantile exchange)的阿曼原油期货之后，在地区交易所交易的第二份实物交割期货合约，而且在普氏（迪拜）和阿曼原油基准评估中，Murban也是可交割等级。ICE和ADNOC与BP、GS Caltex、Inpex、ENEOS、PTT、壳牌、道达尔和Vitol合作启动IFAD, ICE还宣布与雪佛龙、托克和西方石油公司签署协议，利用该合同为从美国出口到亚洲的原油定价。
王佳晶 摘译自 今日油价
UAE Presents Phenomenal Plan To Boost Its Position As Oil Hub
Three key developments were announced last week by the UAE in line with its role over the region: plans for a major economic expansion; plans to attract more oil trade into new contracts.
The first of these developments - announced by UAE Vice President and Prime Minister, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, vice president and prime minister of the UAE and ruler of Dubai – is ‘Operation 300 Billion’. This is an initiative that intends to raise the contribution of the UAE’s industrial sector to AED300 billion (US$81 billion) from the current AED133 billion within the next 10 years. The objective will be achieved in large part through the creation of 13,500 industrial companies over that period, covering the manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, mining and quarrying sectors in the first instance. At the centre of these plans, which in turn fall within the UAE’s Circular Economy Policy 2021-2031, will be an adjunct build-out of the UAE’s energy sector. This includes an overall target crude oil production increase for the UAE’s flagship oil and gas company – the Abu Dhabi Oil Company (ADNOC) – from around 4 million barrels per day (bpd) to at least 5 million bpd by 2030 at the latest.
Since the UAE signed its own ‘relationship normalisation’ deal with Israel, its flagship oil producer, ADNOC, now plays a key role in the management of India’s vital strategic petroleum reserves (SPR) and a slew of new oil deals are expected between the UAE and India. Following on from this, ADNOC’s chief executive officer, Sultan al-Jaber, stated at the end of March that the new investments to be made by the UAE, along with new conventional and unconventional oil discoveries, will help boost the production of Murban. This dovetails into the second key development announced last week, which was the finalisation of plans to attract more oil trade into new contracts. Specifically, last week saw the launch by ADNOC of a dedicated Murban futures contract on a new Abu Dhabi-based exchange – the ICE Futures Abu Dhabi platform (IFAD) - in partnership with the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE).
The light, sweet Murban crude oil grade is one of the four crudes produced by ADNOC, although it accounted for around half of the UAE’s total near-4 million bpd crude oil production before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to ICE and ADNOC, Murban futures is the second physically delivered futures contracts traded on a regional exchange after Dubai Mercantile Exchange’s Oman crude futures, and Murban is also a deliverable grade in the Platts benchmark Dubai and Oman crude assessments. ICE and ADNOC partnered with BP, GS Caltex, Inpex, ENEOS, PTT, Shell, Total and Vitol to launch the IFAD, and ICE has also announced agreements with Chevron, Trafigura, and Occidental to explore using the contract to price crude exports from the U.S. to Asia.
Even as it stands, Fujairah is the key hub from which the UAE’s Murban oil is exported, making its way there through the 360 kilometre Abu Dhabi Crude Oil Pipeline from the Habshan onshore field in Abu Dhabi and capable of transporting 1.8 million bpd. ADNOC is also currently developing underground oil storage caverns in Fujairah that can hold 42 million barrels, including Murban, with the project expected to be completed in 2022. According to recent statements from the Fujairah port development authorities, it may add a tenth berth shortly as part of plans to boost overall storage capacity across the site to 17 million cubic metres in the next three to four years.